The chilblain is highly transmissible. Know what precautions to take to protect yourself and prevent infection
Do you suffer from famous athlete’s foot and want to know how to treat chilblains? Then you are in the right article! Chilblains are an infection that affects men and women of any age, especially in summer. The heat favors the growth of fungi in humid environments, such as inside footwear or in a toilet after a shower.
These are some of the forms of transmission, but read on to learn about others, as well as symptoms, treatments and prevention.
What are chilblains?
Chilblain (or athlete’s foot) is an infection caused by skin fungus. In the affected area, blisters, cracks, itching and burning appear. It can also cause redness and peeling of the skin, as well as a stronger smell, such as the smell of the feet .
The chilblain appears between the toes when there is a combination of moisture and heat inside the shoe. Despite this, it can also appear when another part of the skin is exposed to the Tricophyton fungus, which causes the disease.
This can be transmitted through contact with the person or contaminated surfaces. Usually, these places are bathrooms, floors, beach, pool and changing rooms. There is also the risk of sharing bedding and clothing.
How to prevent and treat chilblains?
It is not known when an environment is infected with certain fungi and bacteria that can cause disease. Therefore, we must protect against these. Hygiene care is essential for this protection:
Dry your feet: always after bathing or wetting your feet, grab a clean towel and dry them very well, especially between your toes. If you wear socks and shoes with wet feet, heat and humidity will be the perfect environment for fungal growth.
Wear flip flops: whenever possible, when you are at home, use the flip flops so that your feet can breathe and dry any outbreak of infection. Also use slippers every time you are in a locker room or other unknown bathroom to avoid contact with the ground.
Aerated shoes: choose shoes that allow your feet to breathe, especially if you spend the day with closed shoes. Similarly, socks should be made of natural fabric to absorb moisture from the feet.
Have a habit of observing your skin, check between the toes and the appearance of your nails. Any sign of a thicker or whitish nail for no apparent reason can be a fungal infection. The sooner you visit your doctor, the more effective the treatment will be.
Diagnosis and treatments for chilblains
The diagnosis and how to treat chilblains are in charge of a general practitioner, a dermatologist, an infectious disease or even a geriatrician. It is usually a simple problem to solve when it comes from the beginning. Therefore, more specialties are suitable for treatment.
When the patient comes to the consultation with the symptoms, the doctor will analyze the characteristics of the affected area and ask questions about the appearance of the problem and its habits.
If necessary, the doctor can take a sample of the affected skin to perform a microscopic analysis, analyze the body under black light or request a biopsy.
As a treatment, antifungal ointments have a good response. But if the ointment does not work, an oral medication can also be prescribed.
How to treat chilblains: Natural remedies
Natural and homemade recipes are a good option to accompany medical treatment and reinforce the positive effect of healing. Discover some homemade tips to treat chilblains:
Powerful antifungal, garlic will help kill fungi and cure inflammation. Simply crush 3 teeth in a cup and soak in a little water. Then, pass this water over the wound by washing it or making a compress.
Potatoes have antioxidants to fight free radicals that attack healthy cells. When used on a skin bruise, they help heal and restore the skin’s clean appearance.
To apply, crush a piece of raw potato to release the liquid and passes on the skin, letting it work for 20 minutes. To finish, rinse and dry well.
Onion has the function of absorbing environmental diseases and, in contact with the skin, offers an antifungal action. The process for the application is the same as the previous one with the potato.
Crush a piece of onion to loosen the liquid. Then apply on the affected area, let it act for a few minutes, wash and dry thoroughly.
Vegetable oils are very popular due to their numerous health benefits. Therefore, you can use almond oil to massage the skin after bathing when the body is very clean and dry. It is a very simple and easy way to treat chilblains.
In addition to drinking tea, another way to provide the benefits of plants to the body is with baths.
If you want to treat areas such as hands or feet, put almost boiling water in a large bowl, place the herb leaves, let it work for five minutes and soak your feet or hands in that warm water.
Soak 10 to 15 minutes. Then, dry with a clean and ready towel. It can be repeated more times a day.